A number of Health and Wellbeing Surveys have been completed with young people in Hull through secondary schools since 2002 which provide valuable information on the health, wellbeing and lifestyle behaviours of the young people in Hull.
The latest Young People Health and Wellbeing Survey was conducted during 2016.
A Vaping Survey has also been undertaken in 2022 although the methodology differed from the regular Health and Wellbeing Survey and the topic focus was vaping so it only collected information on smoking tobacco / cigarettes and the use of e-cigarettes.
Adult Health and Wellbeing Surveys have been undertaken in Hull as well as Other Surveys and Qualitative Research (including Social Capital Surveys). Further information for both of these can be found under Surveys within Tools and Resources. These other adult surveys included those aged 16+ years so includes young adults, and some of the qualitative research was completed among young people aged 11-16 and 16-18 year olds. General findings from the surveys on specific topics are also covered within other sections, for example, in General Health under Health Factors or in Smoking under Lifestyle Factors within Children and Young People.
Hull’s Young People Health and Wellbeing Surveys
Young People Health and Wellbeing Surveys have been completed in 2002, 2008, 2012 and 2016 involving secondary school pupils. There have also been some qualitative research undertaken in Hull which involved young people.
There were slight differences in the survey questions asked over time, but the same main topics and questions were asked so that trends over time could be examined. The topics included self-reported health status, emotional wellbeing, and lifestyle and behaviours such as smoking, diet, alcohol consumption, use of drugs, physical activity and sexual health.
Except for the first survey conducted in 2002, the sample of survey responders are broadly representative of Hull’s secondary school pupils. The first survey was conducted in-house by the then public health intelligence team, and not all schools in Hull participated and those that did, did not necessarily have a sample of pupils who participated that were representative of all their school pupils (results could be biased). In most cases, this is not known, but for some schools it was suspected that the highest graded classes participating in the survey. In all the subsequent surveys from 2008 onwards, the majority or virtually all of the secondary schools in Hull participated, and schools were asked to undertake the survey in a non-graded, non-streamed class such as Personal, Health, and Social Education classes. Quota sampling was also used in that schools were asked to sample a specific number of full classes for each school year depending on how many classes they had for each school year. This was proportionate to the overall total sample size. The surveys involved 3,000 to 4,000 pupils participating out of around 13,000 young people in Hull aged 11-15 years in Hull (taking the 2016 survey as an example which used the Office for National Statistics resident population estimates for the year 2014). With the sample size, this meant that between one-quarter and one-third of all young people in the age range 11-15 years who lived in Hull participating in the survey. With quota sampling, the bigger schools had more of their pupils participating in the survey, although for some schools fewer or more pupils participated (than were asked to so do), but this still resulted in a sample that was broadly similar to Hull’s overall population.
The most recent Health and Wellbeing Survey conducted in 2016 included trends over time for all questions that had been asked previously. So in most cases it may not be necessary to examine reports from previous surveys, unless an earlier survey included additional questions.
The following Excel file gives the questions that have been in asked in all the Young People Health and Wellbeing Surveys in Hull.
Questions used in all surveys
Hull’s Young People Health and Wellbeing Survey 2016
Just over 4,000 secondary school pupils participated in the survey from each of Hull’s 12 secondary schools together with four pupil referral units, five special schools and Hull College. Pupils from school year 7 (aged 11-12 years) to year 11 (aged 15-16 years) participated in the survey. The survey was administered in non-graded / non-streamed classes mainly during Personal, Social and Health Education classes. A reduced version of the questionnaire, without the questions on sexual health and drug use, was available for pupils in years 7 and 8, although some schools requested this version be completed for all their pupils.
Hull’s Young People Health and Wellbeing Survey 2012
Just over 3,800 secondary school pupils participated in the survey from 13 of the 14 Hull secondary schools together with the School Girls Mums, Fountain House and Ashwell pupil referral units, Northcott Special School and Hull Collegiate school. Pupils from school year 7 (aged 11-12 years) to year 11 (aged 15-16 years) participated in the survey. The survey was administered in non-graded / non-streamed classes mainly during Personal, Social and Health Education classes. A reduced version of the questionnaire, without the questions on sexual health and drug use, was available for younger pupils.
Hull’s Young People Health and Wellbeing Survey 2008
Just under 3,000 secondary school pupils participated in the survey from 13 of the 14 Hull secondary schools together with the School Girls Mums, Fountain House and Ashwell pupil referral units. Pupils from school year 7 (aged 11-12 years) to year 11 (aged 15-16 years) participated in the survey. The survey was administered in non-graded / non-streamed classes mainly during Personal, Social and Health Education classes. A reduced version of the questionnaire, without the questions on sexual health and drug use, was available for younger pupils.
Hull’s Young People Health and Wellbeing Survey 2002
All private and local authority schools taking 11-15 years olds across Hull and East Riding of Yorkshire were approached and 21 of the 36 schools volunteered to participate. It is possible that some graded or streamed classes participated in the survey which could bias the survey results. The public health intelligence team at the time worked across four Primary Care Trusts (Eastern Hull, West Hull, East Yorkshire and Yorkshire, Wolds & Coast). A total of 673 pupils from schools within the Eastern Hull Primary Care Trust area and 759 pupils from schools within the West Hull Primary Care Trust area participated in the survey. The numbers differed slightly if young people were assigned based on their postcode (rather than the postcode of the school) with 508 pupils living in the Eastern Hull Primary Care Trust area and 622 pupils living in the West Hull Primary Care Trust area. Pupils from school year 7 (aged 11-12 years) to year 10 (aged 14-15 years) participated in the survey.
Hull’s Vaping Survey 2022
Between 14 November and 15 December 2022, an online Vaping Survey conducted in selected schools and colleges in Hull and East Riding of Yorkshire among pupils aged 11-17 years. Some of the surveys were completed within class, but some schools and colleges gave links to students to complete in their own time. A total of 5,319 questionnaires were completed, but 174 were outside the age range of 11-17 years, 23 did not attend school or college in Hull or East Riding of Yorkshire (or live in these local authorities if they did not attend school or college), and 48 were spoilt questionnaires which were all excluded. This left 5,074 questionnaires for inclusion in the analysis (3,626 for Hull and 1,448 for East Riding of Yorkshire). There were some discrepancies in the data in terms of conflicting responses affecting around 300 questionnaires, but these were retained in the analysis as many appeared to result from young people who only occasionally used vapes, and it would have biased the analyses to exclude them.
The following schools and colleges had at least 20 pupil complete a Vaping Survey questionnaire. For most schools, the number of pupils attending was known so it was possible to state the percentage of all pupils who participated in the survey.
There were a further six pupils from Cottingham High School, Longcroft School, Tranby School and Withernsea High School from East Riding of Yorkshire and a further 16 pupils from Archbishop Sentamu Academy, Hull College, Ron Dearing College, and Sirius Academy North for Hull.
|Local authority||School or college||Number of pupils participating||Percentage of pupils participating*|
|ERoY||Beverley Grammar School||172||20.3|
|ERoY||Beverley High School||32||3.8|
|ERoY||Bishop Burton College||78|
|ERoY||Market Weighton School||214||36.9|
|Hull||Hull Trinity House Academy||190||27.0|
|Hull||Newland School for Girls||83||13.2|
|Hull||Sirius Academy West||162||11.0|
|Hull||St Mary’s College||196||8.1|
The questionnaire covered the following topics:
- Age, gender, local authority of residence, and school or college of the young person.
- Smoking tobacco / cigarette status and if others in the household smoke tobacco / cigarettes.
- If the person knows what a vape / e-cigarette is (and if not they were not asked to complete any further questions), and if others in their household vape or use e-cigarettes.
- Knowledge and opinions on vaping: how many people they know vape, if they’d noticed an increase in vaping among their peers in the last year, knowledge of their school’s or college’s rules around vaping, who they think disposable vapes were promoted towards, if they’d seen advertising that encouraged vaping and where they’d seen that advertising, and opinions on vaping (if they’d heard it tastes good, makes you feel good, is addictive, is not addictive, is safe, is not safe, etc), and how much they disagreed or agreed with various statements around in relation to young people who vape (e.g. their perceptions on the reasons they might vape etc).
- Their experience of vaping: if they’d ever tried vaping or not (and if not they were directed to the final question).
- For those who had tried vaping, they were asked if they used a disposable e-cigarette or an re-chargeable e-cigarette, if they’d tried smoking prior to vaping, how old they were when they first tried vaping, who long they had been vaping for, and how frequently they currently vape. They were also asked how much money they spend on vapes, if they were easy to buy, where they bought them from, the brand of vapes, if they’d ever missed things like lunch or going out with friends so that they could afford to buy vapes, how their parents or carers felt about them vaping, if they’d continue vaping if vapes were only available in tobacco flavour, how much they agreed or disagreed with various statements around vaping (e.g. feeling grown up vaping, feeling left out if they don’t vape, liking the taste, liking the flavours, being addicted, etc), and if they’d ever craved a vape or felt irritable if they haven’t vaped for a while.
- The final question asked about their future intention around vaping with response categories: I don’t vape and never will; I don’t vape but may when I’m older; I vape, but would like to give up; and I vape but don’t want to give up.
Separate reports of the findings were produced for Hull and East Riding of Yorkshire.
Further information relating to the results of the survey relating to Hull pupils is available on Smoking and Vaping Among Young People within Lifestyle Factors under Children and Young People, and further information is available on request (please email [email protected]) as well as included in the following report:
Please contact East Riding of Yorkshire Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) team for more information on the Vaping Survey relating to the young people from East Riding of Yorkshire.
Other Surveys and Research Involving Young People
A number of adult Health and Wellbeing Surveys have also been completed in Hull. Further information is also available from these adult surveys for young people aged 16-24 years. Further qualitative research – asking about their health, wellbeing and lifestyle behaviours – has also been undertaken in Hull which includes some such research undertaken among young people aged 11-24 years.
This page was last updated / checked on 22 May 2023.
This page is due to be updated / checked in March 2024.