This section covers statistics information relating to external factors which affect health such as Air Pollution, Climate Change, Crime, Deprivation and Poverty, Domestic Abuse, Employment, Economy and Healthy Workplaces, Financial Resilience, Housing and Households, Schools, Education and Qualifications, and Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training.
Lifestyle and behavioural factors are examined under Lifestyle Factors within Adults and under Lifestyle Factors within Children and Young People. Further information on external factors and lifestyle and behavioural factors from quantitative surveys and qualitative research within Surveys Conducted in Hull under Tools and Resources.
Everything affects our health and wellbeing. There are factors that cannot be changed such as age, gender and hereditary factors. However, lifestyle and behaviour, the local community, economy, and environment all influence health and wellbeing. Whilst these other factors are less ‘fixed’, they are often very difficult to change.
From the A Matter of Life and Death report, the impact of these wider determinants of health are discussed in relation to life expectancy. They state that “Some people are dying years younger than they should. Poverty, poor-quality housing, low-paid and unstable jobs all impact people’s physical and mental health. When people don’t have things they need for good health – like warm homes and nutritious food – and are constantly worrying about making ends meet, it puts a strain on their bodies, resulting in increased stress, high blood pressure, and a weaker immune system.”
Barton and Grant (2006) illustrate the determinants of health and wellbeing which is an extension of Dahlgren and Whitehead’s 1991 model.
This section examines some of these external environmental influences and factors which impact on people’s health and wellbeing.
Other lifestyle and behavioural factors such as alcohol consumption, diet and nutrition, drug use, healthy weight, physical activity, and smoking are examined in Lifestyle Factors under the Adults and Children sections (plus gambling for adults).
Further information on health, emotional wellbeing, and lifestyle and behavioural factors which influence health are found in our adult and young people Health and Wellbeing Survey reports under the Tools and Resources menu. Numerous local surveys have been completed in Hull since 2002, and some of the reports examine associations between health and behaviours in relation of specific characteristics of individuals such as deprivation levels of where they live, their employment status, as well as in relation to their age and gender. Some qualitative research has also been undertaken in Hull which examines resident’s perceptions of their health and their lifestyle and behaviour which influence health.
Information about the Hull and the wards in Hull can be found under the Place menu.
L’Hôte E, Castellina M, Volmert A, Conklin L, and O’Shea P. A Matter of Life and Death: Explaining the Wider Determinants of Health in the UK. FrameWorks, 2022. Commissioned by The Health Foundation. https://www.health.org.uk/publications/a-matter-of-life-or-death
This page was last updated / checked on 24 February 2023.
This page is due to be updated / checked in March 2024.